Topo TNM Style Template

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What does this data set describe?

Title: Topo TNM Style Template
Abstract:
The Topo TNM Style Template is provided by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Geospatial Technical Operations Center (NGTOC). It has been developed according to the 24,000-scale, 7.5-minute layout and cartographic design of published US Topo Maps and is intended for use in any geographic location where data is available for download from The National Map (TNM). The template provides base topographic map symbology, links to Web Map Services, labeling rules, grids, standard map layout, and marginalia information that can be used for advanced analysis and/or for developing customized maps. The template is formatted as an Esri ArcGIS map document (MXD) and labeling rules are built using the Esri Maplex labeling engine. Ancillary data for customizing the template is provided along with the template in an Esri file geodatabase. Symbolized layers within the template can be linked to data downloaded from TNM and include layers from TNM vector data themes of transportation, hydrography, elevation contours, geographic names, boundaries, structures, and woodland tint. Web Map Service layers in the template include orthoimagery and shaded relief services produced by the USGS, as well as a National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) Web Map Service produced by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The ancillary file geodatabase contains a National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) feature class and a data table created by NGTOC containing 7.5-minute map cell names, UTM Zones, and other information for use in customizing the template to a specific 7.5-minute map.
Supplemental_Information: 7.5-minute Map Layout
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2015, Topo TNM Style Template: USGS - National Geospatial Technical Operations Center (NGTOC), Rolla, MO and Denver, CO.

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: -90
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 2015
    Ending_Date: 2015
    Currentness_Reference: publication date
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Cartographic Style Template
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 18N
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -81
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0
      False_Easting: 500000
      False_Northing: 0.0
      Planar coordinates are encoded using coordinate pair
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 2
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 2
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    This is a general-purpose design and layout quadrangle map based on the traditional USGS quadrangle cells. The domain is a standard 7.5-minute cell. The scale is 1:24,000.
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: National Geospatial Program US Topo Product Standard, 2011.

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

Why was the data set created?

This template is intended to depict geographic features on the surface of the earth. It has been developed by the USGS National Geospatial Technical Operations Center (NGTOC) for GIS and cartographic experts who have a requirement to analyze geospatial data and to develop custom maps based upon a template in a GIS-ready format that conforms to US Topo Map specifications. The intended use of the template is different than that for the published US Topo Maps. The template is intended for users to create specialized, customized maps. It is not intended to precisely duplicate the published maps.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    Imagery (source 1 of 6)
    The USGS NAIP Imagery service from The National Map (TNM) consists of high resolution images that combine the visual attributes of an aerial photograph with the spatial accuracy and reliability of a map. Resolution of National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) data is 1 meter, which means that every pixel in the digital orthoimage covers a one meter square of the earth’s surface. Many states contribute orthoimagery to The National Map, and USGS relies on a partnership with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Farm Service Agency for NAIP data. The USGS NAIP Imagery service is a mosaic of 1 meter resolution natural color and color infrared aerial imagery, containing NAIP and other imagery sources to complete the mosaic. The National Map viewer allows free downloads of public domain, 1-meter resolution compressed orthoimagery in JPEG 2000 (.jp2) format for the conterminous United States, with many urban areas and other locations at 1-foot (or better) resolution, also in JPEG 2000 (.jp2) format. For additional information on orthoimagery, go to http://nationalmap.gov/ortho.html., 2016, USGS NAIP Plus Base Map.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    The orthoimagery in this map service is public domain with no reuse constraints.
    Type_of_Source_Media: digital data
    Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
    Source_Contribution: Web Map Service
    Imagery (source 2 of 6)
    USGS Imagery Only is a tile cache base map of orthoimagery in The National Map. Orthoimagery data typically are high resolution aerial images that combine the visual attributes of an aerial photograph with the spatial accuracy and reliability of a planimetric map. USGS digital orthoimage resolution may vary from 6 inches to 1 meter. In the former resolution, every pixel in an orthoimage covers a six inch square of the earth's surface, while in the latter resolution, one meter square is represented by each pixel. Blue Marble: Next Generation and Landsat imagery data sources are displayed at small to medium scales, however, the majority of the imagery service source is from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) for the conterminous United States. NAIP is 1-meter pixel resolution with "leaf-on." Collection of NAIP is administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Farm Service Agency (FSA). In areas where NAIP data is not available, other imagery may be acquired through partnerships by the USGS. The National Geospatial Program is working on acquisition of high resolution imagery for Alaska and Hawaii. Most of the new Alaska orthoimagery data will not be available in this service due to license restrictions. For scales below 1:18,000, use the dynamic USGS Imagery Only Large service, http://services.nationalmap.gov/arcgis/rest/services/USGSImageryOnlyLarge/MapServer., 2015, USGS Imagery Only.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    The orthoimagery in this map service is public domain with no reuse constraints.
    Type_of_Source_Media: digital data
    Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
    Source_Contribution: Web Map Service
    Hill Shade (source 3 of 6)
    The USGS Hill Shade base map from The National Map was created from the 3D Elevation Program, formerly called the National Elevation Dataset, a seamless dataset of best available raster elevation data for the conterminous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Territorial Islands. Derived using a hill-shade technique, this base map represents a continental view showing shaded relief from USGS 3DEP layers at resolutions of 1/3-, 1-, and 2-arc-second (in Alaska only). Shaded relief (or hill shade) function parameters are: point illumination is from the NW (azimuth = 315 degrees), and altitude of the light source is 45 degrees. Color characteristics are the result of applying a color ramp in which RGB values range from white (RGB: 255, 255, 255) to brown (RGB: 166, 150, 109). The color ramp was applied with a Stretch Type of None. Contrast and Brightness values range from 4-14%, depending on scale, for cartographic purposes. For additional information on 3DEP, go to http://ned.usgs.gov. The web map service is setup for viewing at all scales, although resolution does not realistically support viewing at scales larger than 1:18,000., 2015, USGS Shaded Relief Only.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    The hill shade in this map service is public domain with no reuse constraints.
    Type_of_Source_Media: digital data
    Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
    Source_Contribution: Web Map Service
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Wetlands (source 4 of 6)
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2015, Wetlands Topo Service.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    This web map service cartographically renders the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service wetlands and deepwater habitat data for use as a base layer wetland map information for general use products greater or equal to 1:100,000 scale. Three main categories were identified (Emergent Wetlands, Forest/Shrub Wetlands and Inland Waters) to render these features to resemble the USGS topographic maps. The emergent wetlands are symbolized with blue wetland map symbology and white polygon fill, without a polygon outline. The emergent wetlands depicted do not include lakes, rivers, open water ponds, deepwater marine and estuarine features or non-vegetated, farmed, intermittent and temporarily flooded wetlands. The forested and scrub/shrub wetlands are symbolized with blue wetland map symbology and green polygon fill, without a polygon outline. The forested and scrub/shrub wetlands depicted do not include lakes, rivers, open water ponds, deepwater marine and estuarine features or non-vegetated, farmed, intermittent and temporarily flooded wetlands. The inland waters include lakes, rivers, open water ponds, open water estuarine features and are symbolized with a light blue polygon fill, without a polygon outline. The water features depicted do not include vegetated or non-vegetated wetlands. This service also includes a wetlands symbol service that cartographically renders all vegetated wetlands with blue wetland map symbology with no polygon fill or outline. This service was developed to provide base map wetland information as an overlay to imagery or other complex base map information. The wetlands depicted do not include lakes, rivers, open water ponds, deepwater marine and estuarine features or non-vegetated, farmed, intermittent and temporarily flooded wetlands.
    Type_of_Source_Media: digital data
    Source_Scale_Denominator: 100,000 and larger
    Source_Contribution: Web Map Service
    National Grid Reference System (source 5 of 6)
    National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), 2015, World Wide 100,000-scale MGRS Layer.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    The Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) Region feature class was generated from a shapefile available from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) that allows usres to label each 100,000m grid square with its two-letter designation or its UTM zone. It is available for download at http://earth-info.nga.mil/GandG/coordsys/gislayers/gislayers.html.
    Type_of_Source_Media: vector data
    Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
    Source_Contribution: Military Grid Reference System
    Map Details Table (source 6 of 6)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2015, Map Details.

    Other_Citation_Details:
    The Map Details table was created from the USGS 7.5-minute Geographic Names Cells database. It includes the Cell Name, the Cell Identifier, the State containing the cell, and the appropriate UTM Zone, Map Rotation Angle, Data Frame Width (in inches) and Data Frame Height (in inches) for customizing the map layout to the desired 7.5-minute cell location. The table was created for delivery and use with the Topo TNM Style Template.
    Type_of_Source_Media: table data
    Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
    Source_Contribution: Table Data
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2015 (process 1 of 1)
    The template and file geodatabase for this product are created as follows. The template is formatted as an Esri ArcMap document (MXD) that incorporates labeling rules generated via the Esri Maplex labeling engine. Esri, ArcGIS, ArcMap, and Maplex are trademarks, service marks, or registered trademarks of Esri in the United States, the European Community, or certain other jurisdictions. The layout, vector layer symbology and labeling rules were created according to USGS US Topo Map specifications for a 7.5-minute cell displayed at 1:24,000-scale. Vector layers are intended to be linked with the Topo Map Vector Data products which is available for separate download from TNM (http://viewer.nationalmap.gov/basic/). Web map services for orthoimagery, hill shade and wetlands were added to the template for immediate use in the template. Additional web map services are also available from TNM. Maps created from the template will be different from published US Topo Maps because data sources and vintage may vary from those used in the published maps. In addition, the intended use of the template is not to re-produce the published maps. The template is intended for users to create their own customized maps. An Esri file geodatabase containing ancillary data for customizing the template to a specific Area of Interest (AOI) is delivered along with the template. An MGRS shapefile was downloaded from NGA and converted to a feature class for inclusion in the file geodatabase. This feature class is used for automatically updating the U.S. National Grid and Grid Zone Designation information in the margin. The file geodatabase also contains a MapDetails table created by the NGTOC from the 7.5-minute Geographic Names Cell database. This table is to be used for customizing the template to the appropriate UTM zone, and setting the data frame size for the desired AOI. Also included in the delivery are instructions for customizing the template.
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    Web Map Services included in the template are derived from USGS national geospatial databases, USFWS National Wetland Inventory database, and other government sources. A file geodatabase delivered with the template includes a Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) feature class available from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Not applicable
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
    Not applicable
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    The template is designed to be used at a 1:24,000 scale. A scale range of 1:18,000 to 1:36,000 scales is possible, although the user should be aware that Maplex labeling results may vary. The template is intended for use with the Topo Map Vector Data products, which is available for download from TNM (http://viewer.nationalmap.gov/basic/).
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    This product includes an Esri ArcGIS formatted ArcMap document (MXD), an Esri file geodatabase, and instructions for the template. Esri, ArcGIS, ArcMap, and Maplex are trademarks, service marks, or registered trademarks of Esri in the United States, the European Community, or certain other jurisdictions.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
This product may be freely copied, redistributed, and printed. Content is derived from public domain data with no reuse constraints. See the relevant data source sections (srcinfo tag) in this file for additional information on the Web Map Service layers and ancillary data contained in the file geodatabase. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since data contained in, or linked to, the template layers were collected and some data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use these data for critical applications without a full awareness of their limitations. Acknowledgment of the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and other government sources is appreciated for products derived from the template and associated data and services.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 2015
Metadata author:
U.S. Geological Survey, National Geospatial Technical Operations Center
Attn: Not Provided
1400 Independence Road
Rolla, MO

1-888-ASK-USGS (1-888-275-8747) (voice)
http://www.usgs.gov/ask/
Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM
Contact_Instructions:
Metadata information can also be obtained through online services using The National Map Download Client, at http://viewer.nationalmap.gov/basic/ or EarthExplorer, at http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov or Ask USGS at http://www.usgs.gov/ask.
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

Generated by mp version 2.9.32 on Fri Mar 25 08:13:20 2016